New Mexico path through Tent Rocks.
Photo of library book shelves filled with books.


Always a work in progress, this page is a collection of publications, articles, photos, reports, regulations, comment letters and legislation we have complied through the years.

Current efforts include making each publication an active link, either to the publication itself, or, for materials under strict copyright protection, to an abstract and an opportunity to purchase the material.

If you have publications to recommend to the library, or have comments or corrections, please use the link above and complete the online form.

  • Return to the portal page for New Mexico.

  • The status of puma concolor in New Mexico.

  • State law and regulations affecting cougars.

  • The history of cougars in New Mexico.

  • Ecosystems and habitat in New Mexico.

  • Cougar science and research in New Mexico.

  • Our library of media, research and reports.

  • How you can take action to help!

New Mexico Cougar Files Sorted by Type

Scientific Research

  • Barnes, 2001, Counting Cougars
  • Bauer et al 2005 Scarvenging Behavior in Puma
  • Beausoleil, 2000, Status of the Mountain Lion in New Mexico 1971-2000
  • Bender 2012 Factors Influecing Survival of Desert Mule Deer in the Greater San Andres Mountains New Mexico
  • Cochran, 1984, Lions Win in New Mexico
  • Coppinger 1984 Protecting Domestic Sheep from Cougars with Livestock Guarding Dogs
  • DeLorenzo 1977 Evaluation of Sheep Losses
  • Dickson et al 2013 Models of Regional Habitat Quality and Connectivity for Pumas in the Southwestern US
  • Dyszynsk 2001 Microsatellite Analysis of Mountain Lion Scat
  • Frey 2003 ABSTRACT The Conservation Dilemma in the Absence of Occurrence Records An Example Considering Wolverine and Canada Lynx in New Mexico
  • Frey 2003 The Conservation Dilemma in the Absence of Occurence Records An Example Considering Wolverine and Canada Lynx in New Mexico
  • Halloran 1946 The Carnivores of the San Andres Mountains
  • Harris et al 2015 Weather and Prey Predict Mammals Visitation to Water
  • Harrison 2002 Evaluation of Microscopic and Macroscopic Methods to Identify Felid Hair
  • Harveson 1999 Trends in Populations of Mountain Lions in Carlsbad Caverns and Guadalupe Mountains
  • Hibben 1937 Preliminary Study of the Mountain Lion
  • Hornocker 1985 PROPOSAL Proposal for Research on Ecology of the Mountain Lion in the San Andres Mountains
  • Hornocker et al 1990 Ecology of an Unexploited Mountain Liop Population in a Desert Environment
  • Hubbard, 1975, Our big and mysterious cat
  • Iriarte 1990 Biogeographic Variation of Food Habits and Body Size of the American Puma
  • Littauer 1987 Cougar Predation on Livestock
  • Littauer, White, 1984, Cougar Predation on Livestock in New Mexico in 1983 and the First Half of 1984
  • Logan et al 1996 Cougars of the San Andres Mountain New Mexico
  • Logan et al 1998 Capturing Pumas with Foot Hold Snares
  • Logan et al 1999 Capturing Pumas with foot hold snares 1985-1995
  • McPhee 2000 Cougar Bighorn Interactions and Sustainable Ecosystem Management in New Mexico
  • McPhee et al. , N/A, Cougar/bighorn interactions and sustainable ecosystem management in New Mexico
  • Menke 2008 REPORT Locating Potential Cougar Puma concolor Corridors in New Mexico Using a Least Cost Path Corridor GIS Analysis
  • Rominger et al 2004 The Influence of Mountain Lion Predation on Bighorn Sheep Tranlocations JWM
  • Rominger et al 2006 Bighorn Sheep Mountain Lions and Ethics of Conservation
  • Ruth 1998 Evaluating Cougar Translocation in New Mexico
  • Sawyer 2002 A Review of the Predation on Bighorn Sheep
  • Shultz Howard 1937 Fauna of Burnet Cave Guadalupe Mountains
  • Stiner et al 2012 Carcass Damage and Digested Bone from Mountain Lions
  • Sweanor et al 2000 Cougar Dispersal Patterns Metapopulations Dynamics and Conservation
  • Sweanor Logan Hornocker 2005 Puma Responses to Close Approaches by Researchers
  • Welch, Donaldson, 1975, Mountain lion management: A new game
  • Wheeler 1875 Report Upon the Ornithological Collection
  • Young 2010 Survival and Mortality of Cougars in the TransPecos Region

Agency Reports



  • Alba, 2007, Warm weather rouses more wildlife
  • Animal Protection of New Mexico, Inc., 2004, Animal Protection of New Mexico, Inc., ADC’s Cougar Killing Violates Federal Law
  • APMN POSTER Cougar Smart New Mexico
  • APNM 1998 APNM Sues New Mexico Game Commission for Cougar Killing Plans
  • APNM 1999 Department Promotes Flawed Cougar Killing Policy in Attempt to Protect Desert Bighorn Sheep
  • APNM 2001 Historical Involvement in Cougar Protection
  • APNM 2003 Vanishing Wildlife in New Mexico A Legacy of Neglect
  • APNM 2011 Cougars Under Fire!
  • Associated Press, 2004, Pet-killing cougar shot near Ramah
  • Associated Press, 2007, More cougars spotted in northern New Mexico; bad weather blamed
  • Associated Press, 2008, Animal attacks boy, 5, in New Mexico mountains
  • Associated Press, 2008, Authorities kill mountain lion that might have attacked Pinos Altos man
  • Associated Press, 2008, Boy attacked by large animal on Sandias
  • Associated Press, 2008, Mountain lion sought after man’s body found
  • Associated Press, 2008, New Mexico Man Torn Apart by Mountain Lion
  • Associated Press, 2008, Officers kill mountain lion that might have attacked Pinos Altos man
  • Associated Press, 2008, Second mountain lion killed near Pinos Altos
  • Associated Press, 2007, Mountain lion tracks spotted near Winsor Trail
  • Baeza, 2008, The Independent, Mountain lion kills New Mexico man
  • Bailey, 2003, Animal Protection of New Mexico, Inc., Vanishing Wildlife of New Mexico- A Legacy of Neglect
  • Carter, 2007, New Mexico Daily Lobo, Human impact destroys vital ecosystems annually
  • Cooley, 2002, Animal Protection of New Mexico, Inc., State game commission approval of reckless and dangerous cougar regulations is illegal
  • Defenders of Wildlife 1998 Defenders Files Complaint Against Federal Mountain Lion Slaugher in New Mexico
  • Fowler, 2007, Cibola Beacon, Lions and bears, oh my!
  • Gaynor, 2008, Reuters, U.S. man attacked, eaten by mountain lion
  • Goldman, 1998, Defenders of Wildlife, Mountain Lion Complaint Filed
  • Hill, 2008, Sun-News, Pinos Altos Lion Killed
  • Hill, 2008, Sun-News, Big cat blamed in man’s death
  • Hummels, 2000, The New Mexican, NM Senate committee rejects proposal to stall cougar killings
  • Ibanga, 2008, , Father Saves Son From Wildcat Mauling
  • Kalvelage, 2012, Ruidoso News, Mountain lion roaming Alto Lakes again
  • KDBC 4 News Staff, 2008, KDBC 4 News, Mountain Lion Attacks, Kills Poodle in Las Cruces
  • Knight 1994 Mountain Lions Damage Prevention and Control Methods
  • Macalady, 1999, High Country News, A bighorn dilemma
  • Mardis, 2008, , Parents say NM boy mauled by mountain lion
  • Matlock, 2007, The New Mexican, Officials say cougar sightings on the rise
  • Medina, 2008, Sun-News, Mountain lion preys on pet poodle in Las Cruces
  • Medina, 2008, Sun-News, Mountain lion that killed poodle not yet captured
  • Montoya Bryan, 2008, Associated Press, New Mexico looks at its hunting rules
  • Montoya Bryan, N/A, Associated Press, New Mexico considers downlisting endangered sheep
  • Neary, 1999, The New Mexican, NM Game department wants to kill cougars to help bighorn sheep
  • Neary, 2000, The New Mexican, NM state to kill 34 mountain lions to protect bighorn sheep
  • New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, 2007, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Meetings Scheduled Statewide to Discuss Bear, Cougar Management
  • Richards, 2005, Wyoming Outdoor Industry, Mule vs Mountain Lion
  • Smalling, 2000, The New Mexican, New Mexico cougar policy is based on flawed logic
  • Summar, 2007, Albuquerque Journal, More Cougar Sightings Reported
  • Taos News, 2008, Taos News, Man attacked by mountain lion at Taos Ski Valley
  • The Southwest Biodiversity Initiative 1999 Cougar Bighorn Interactions and Sustainable Ecosystem Management in New Mexico
  • Thompson, 2000, Albuquerque Journal, Judge Halts Federal Cougar Kills in New Mexico- No change in state hunting plans
  • Unknown, 1999, Animal Protection of New Mexico, Inc., Department Promotes Flawed Cougar Killing Policy in Attempt to Protect Desert Bighorn Sheep
  • Unknown, N/A, Animal Protection of New Mexico, Inc., New Mexico Cougars Under Fire!
  • Unknown, 1998, The New Mexico Game Commission, APNM Sues New Mexico Game Commission for Cougar Killing Plans
  • Unknown, N/A, Animal Protection of New Mexico, Inc., APNM Historical Involvement in Cougar Protection

ON AIR: Phil Carter - One Step Forward, Two Steps Back

03/19/13 An Audio Interview with Julie West, MLF Broadcaster

In this edition of our audio podcast ON AIR, MLF Volunteer Julie West interviews mountain lion program manager Phil Carter of Animal Protection of New Mexico. Carter discusses the often ridiculous lengths the New Mexico Department of Game and Fish will go to to disregard the public, bury scientific research, and ignore all common sense. Trying to protect mountain lions in New Mexico and incorporate the best science into management has turned into a game of one step forward, two steps back.



The U.S. Forest Service is revising its plan for the Santa Fe National Forest. The Mountain Lion Foundation and our partners in New Mexico want to take this opportunity to request that the Forest Service prohibit trapping in the Caja del Rio and other areas of Santa Fe National Forest that are used by recreationalists.


05/04/15 to 08/27/15

The New Mexico Game and Fish Department (NMGFD) opened it's cougar hunting regulations for amendments. This only happens once ever four years. On August 27, 2015 the NMGFD Commission adopted a proposal to allow the use of snares and traps to kill lions, as well as making it easier for deer and elk hunters to kill any lions they randomly come across. Trapping is a cruel and indiscriminate practice that injures and kills millions of wildlife and pets annually. The Commission ignored the voice of the public and the science. We lost this round but the fight is far from over.


03/05/15 to 03/09/2015

Introduced by Representative Zachary J. Cook, House Bill 586 would have removed cougars from the list of game animals, making it legal for New Mexico residents to kill an unlimited number of cougars, any time, any where. House Bill 586 served no purpose other than to encourage residents to eradicate cougars and reduce funding to the New Mexico Department of Game and Fish. Thanks to overwhelming opposition, the bill did not make it past the House Regulatory & Public Affairs Committee, and is officially dead!

Click here to visit the scorecard's website...

Environmental Scorecard

League of Conservation Voters

The League of Conservation Voters' scorecard considers the State Legislature's environmental records since 1971. It quantifies the environmental votes of each individual legislator — an important first step in considering accountability — and provides critical qualitative assessments as well. The scorecard will help you to know your legislator before you write a letter in support of cougars.

Click here to view our Activist Guide...

Becoming a Mountain Lion Activist

There are lots of opportunities to take action!

Are you new to mountain lion activism? You want to change your local environment to improve it for cougars... but you don't know how to start. You may feel like you are all alone... but it takes just one person to change the attitudes and lifestyles of hundreds of others. You don't need to belong to a group. It doesn't take special skills or superhuman abilities. You just need to care enough about cougars to want to help them survive. You've already done the hard part, now let us help you with the next step.

Click here to open a new window and visit the agency's website...

New Mexico Department of Game and Fish.

Commonly abbreviated as: NMDGF

Michael Sloane, Director

Main Office:
1 Wildlife Way
Santa Fe, NM 87507
(505) 476-8000

Bear and Cougar Biologist
Rick Winslow
PO Box 25112
Santa Fe, NM 87504
(505) 476-8046

Please write to the director and express your concern for lions in New Mexico.

Thank NMDGF when they take steps to protect our state's cougars. When they fall short of expectations, politely ask for policy reform and more officer training.


The Mountain Lion Foundation is a tax-deductible non-profit organization, tax exempt under
Section 501(c)(3) of the IRS code (Federal I.D. # 94-3015360)

Copyright 1988-2020. Material produced by the Mountain Lion Foundation is protected under copyright laws. Permission to rebroadcast or duplicate is granted for non-commercial use when the Mountain Lion Foundation is credited.