Though mountain lions once roamed the hills and forests of Texas, persecution at the hands of humans drove them locally extinct. If we support open space conservation and preserve corridors connecting potential habitat, we could reverse this situation and bring mountain lions back home to Texas.
Although mountain lions may be physically capable of living in an area, human activities and attitudes could keep them from reestablishing a population there.
Fragmentation, sport hunting practices, and intolerant communities can wipe out mountain lions from any area.
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Before Eropeans settled the area, mountain lions ranged across Texas and throughout neighboring staets. Predator control, residential development, oil fields, and other forms of habitat loss have limited mountain lions to the Trans-Pecos region of West Texas. There are occasionally sightings outside of this area, but there isn't any indication that there are established populations in any other part of the state.
Hostile conditions and extremely lax hunting laws mean that mountain lions are unlikely to expand into areas outside of their current range without significant changes in mountain lion management policies.