Rhode Island classifies mountain lions as a nongame species. Due to the absence of a state endangered and threatened species list, mountain lions are not recognized as such.
Further, state law does not prohibit trapping or hunting mountain lions. Depredating wildlife may be dealt with by the state’s Nuisance Wildlife Control Specialists in any way they see fit. Although, considering poaching regulations do not apply to non-game species, it is likely landowners may decide to act on their own.