Though no mountain lions remain today, Maryland had a thriving population historically. At the present, mountain lions in Maryland are classified as a nongame mammal and listed as an endangered extirpated species. These classifications protect cougars from being trapped for fur or hunted. Despite these protections, penalties for killing the rare mountain lion that makes it to Maryland are very low. It is a misdemeanor to kill endangered species, which may not provide adequate protection for these commonly misunderstood animal.