Mountain lions have no legal wildlife status in Iowa. Two legislative efforts have been made to place the mountain lion in the Iowa code as a designated wildlife species. However, strong agricultural interests prevailed, and both efforts failed. Since mountain lions have no legal protection in Iowa, they may be hunted with almost no restrictions other than a prohibition of hunting with the aid of artificial light and hunting on wildlife refuges. Iowa defines endangered species as “any species of fish, plant life, or wildlife which is in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant part of its range.” This definition is clearly inclusive of mountain lions. However, Iowa does not include them on their list.