Kansas killed off its mountain lion population more than a hundred years ago, with the last known cat shot by a hunter in 1904. But over time dispersing lions from western populations have slowly begun to make the long trek back towards the Midwest. In recent years, the Kansas Department of Wildlife and Parks has documented five mountain lions in the state. The fifth was confirmed just this month in Nemaha County. It would appear things are looking up for the American lion. However, sport hunting quotas are higher than they have ever been, and more lions are being shot now each year than were killed during the bounty period (when residents were paid for helping exterminate the cats!). Until we slow the slaughter and protect wild habitat, many biologists believe the American lion does not stand a chance at recolonizing its former range.